Since 2015, experts have noted an increase in gastric problems associated with the bacteria Shigella. It comes from a strain called XDR, which causes fever, diarrhea and abdominal pain and has been identified as drug resistant.
Recently, scientists are talking about the “serious threat to public health” considering the outbreak of epidemics. Without effective treatment, the microbe can cause serious illness or even death, explain our colleague from the sun.
So in a report released last Friday, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimated that 5% of all Shigella infections recorded in 2022 were due to an XDR-resistant strain — up from 1% in 2019. The homeless, international travelers, men who have sex with men, and those with compromised immune systems, according to the CDC.
“Given these serious public health concerns, CDC urges healthcare professionals to be vigilant in suspecting and reporting cases of Shigella XDR infection to their local or state health department, and in educating patients and communities at high risk of infection and transmission,” he explains. .
While some types of people are more susceptible than others, Shigella bacteria can infect anyone. It often develops when sufferers do not wash their hands properly after using the toilet or during anal sex.
To avoid the spread of bacteria, it is advised to wash your hands regularly with soap and water and avoid sharing towels and other washcloths.
Finally, sufferers should drink fluids to avoid dehydration and consult a doctor to determine if antibiotics are needed.
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