Inside the largest corporations in yachting
70% of companies in the yachting sector describe themselves as leading according to a study performed by Yacht Harbour on a sample of over 100 companies. It can therefore be hard for customers to differentiate at first glance the real financial position of companies and their scale.
Following a very active past 20 years in the mergers and acquisitions space in the yachting industry, some behemoths have emerged, controlling a large portion of the market and shaping the industry moving forward. Some high-profile individuals and corporations have also become involved in the superyacht industry in recent years. Yacht Harbour has therefore investigated some of the most powerful corporations and individuals in the yachting space.
Dalian Wanda Group
Annual revenue: $39,47 billion (2014)
Chairman & Founder: Wang Jianling
Largest commercial real estate operator in China and world's largest cinema chain operator, Wanda Group was founded in 1988 by Wang Jianlin. The company has today 634 billion yuans in assets and manages over 26 million square meters of hotel property. In 2013, the company decided to purchase UK-based yacht manufacturer, Sunseeker.
Having gone through losses of 9 million pounds in 2009, Sunseeker restructured its debt and was taken over by FL Partners, an Irish private equity company. Sunseeker was sold in 2013 to the Wanda Group for around 300 million pounds according to the Financial Times.
Annual revenue: $44,18 billion (2016)
Chairman & CEO: Bernard Arnault
Brands: Princess Yachts, Royal Van Lent (Feadship)
Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton, better known as the French luxury goods conglomerate, LVMH, is perhaps not so surprisingly also a player in the superyacht industry. In 2008, L Capital, the company's investment arm, purchased Princess Yachts in a deal worth 200 million pounds according to Reuters, with support from the Calyon investment bank.
Later that year, the conglomerate strengthened their position in the company with the purchase of Royal Van Lent, part of the Feadship organization, for a reported sum between 200-400 million euros. In 2007, Royal Van Lent had posted sales of 100 million euros. Following the acquisition, the shipyard built its newest flagship, the 101-meter for Arnault, LVMH's chairman.
Annual turnaround: €2,2 billion (2012)
Brands: Baglietto, Cerri Cantieri Navali, Bertram
Gruppo Gavio, a large Italian corporation whose main business lies in motorway concessions with the company operating over 1400 kilometers of motorways in Italy, also has interests in the yachting industry. In 2012, Bejamino Gavio led an acquisition of the iconic Italian Baglietto shipyard for a sum of €18.5 million. The shipyard had been through some rough waters during the financial crisis resulting in 73 million euros of negative equity in 2009.
The group further consolidated its position in the sector by purchasing Cerri Cantieri Navali, a few months before the Baglietto deal, and by later acquiring US-based Bertram in 2015.
Current owners: Akram & Iskandar Safa
Brands: CMN, Nobiskrug, ADM Shipyards
Privinvest Group is one of Europe's largest maritime corporations which is involved in naval manufacturing and is also involved in the superyacht industry. Founded by the Safa brothers, Privinvest purchased Constructions mécaniques de Normandie (CMN) based in Cherbourg, France in 1992. The company then managed to turn around the fledging shipyard with new orders from the Middle East according to the Independent.
In 2007, the group funded 30% of the Abu Dhabi MAR company which ventured into shipbuilding through ADMShipyards and worked on the 141-meter Yas. In 2009, Privinvest continued to consolidate its position in the sector by acquiring German shipyard Nobiskrug, which recently became most famous for building the 142,8-meter Sailing Yacht A.
Maximum recorded asset net worth: €300 million (2011)
Current owner: Paolo Vitelli
Brands: Benetti, Azimut
Azimut was established in the early 1970s by Paolo Vitelli as a dealership of Amerglass boats. The company then evolved into yacht manufacturing by building its first 43ft boat. It later delivered Failaka, the first 30-metre fibreglass yacht ever built, to a Kuwaiti prince. In 1985, Azimut took over the Fratelli Benetti boatyard in Viareggio, setting the roots for the group. The company later started collaborating with young designer, Stefano Righini, which would bring the Azimut lines the company is known for today.
The company acquired the Gobbi shipyard in 2001 which now produced the group's Atlantis range from 10m to 18m. In 2004, the group acquired Fraser Yachts, a large yacht brokerage company. It later developed Marina di Varazze and the Royal Yacht Club in Moscow. By 2011, the group's net assets grew to €300 million according to this presentation with a turnover of €600 million, a significant cut on its €1 billion turnover in 2008 according to the Financial Times.
Maximum recorded value: €1.5 billion (2007)
Current owners: Weichai Group, Ferrari family
Brands: Ferretti, Custom Line, Pershing, CRN, Itama, Mochi Craft, Riva
Ferretti was established in 1968 as the first marine division of Alessandro and Norberto Ferretti's family business. In 1971, the company delivered its first wooden motor-sailer and by 1982 it began producing boats for sport fishing with a flybridge. By 1996, the group decided to expand into a larger range and set up Custom Line, a division meant to operate in the growing 26-40m range. In following years, the company multiplied acquisitions buying CNA in 1998, CRN in 1999, Riva in 2000, Mochi Craft in 2001 and Itama in 2004.
As the company was preparing for an initial public offering (IPO) after having been acquired in a leveraged buyout by Candover Investments which put the Group's value at €1.5 billion in 2007, the financial crisis led to a significant drop in sales. As a result, the Group had to restructure debt and its creditors, led by the Royal Bank of Scotland, converted a portion of their €1.2 billion debt into equity according to Bloomberg.
Ferretti Group was eventually sold to Weichai Group, a state-owned Chinese company, the largest maker of bulldozer's in China. It is understood that the company later bought out RBS' stake in Ferretti Group. In 2016, the Ferrari family took a 13,2% stake in the capital of the yacht manufacturer.
Net worth: $14.9 billion (2017)
Brands: Heesen Yachts, OneOcean Port Vell
Mr. Vagit Alekperov is currently considered to be one of Russia's richest men according to Forbes. In May 2015 it became known that the head of Lukoil, Russia's largest independent oil company, is the current owner of Heesen. According to Dutch media, in 2008, Mr. Alekperov purchased Heesen Yachts from founder, Frans Heesen, for a reported sum of 100 million euros. The shipyard posted profits of €5.2 million in 2013 according to Forbes Russia.
In March 2016, Heesen launched its newest flagship, the 70m Galactica Super Nova (Project Kometa) which was built for Mr. Alekperov according to Dutch publication, Quote.
Together with QInvest, the Qatari investment bank, Alekperov acquired the Barcelona superyacht marina, OneOcean Port Vell, which, according to Spanish media, he helped fund from the beginning.
Mohammed al Barwani
Net worth: $1,2 billion (2015)
Brands: Oceanco, Turquoise Yachts
Energy tycoon, Mohammed al-Barwani made his wealth investing in oil, gas, minerals and manufacturing. In 2010 he however decided to purchase Dutch shipyard, Oceanco from Greek shipping magnate, Theodore Angelopoulos. First company to build spa pools on superyachts, Oceanco has much benefited from the hands-on approach of Al Barnawi delivering the beautiful Nirvana for Russian billionaire Potanin as well as expanding its facility to be able to construct yachts up to 160 meters.
In December 2013, al-Barwani further consolidated his position in the industry, purchasing Turkish yacht manufacturer, Proteksan (now Turquoise Yachts), which was struggling following the highly publicized sinkage of M/Y Yogi.
Annual revenue: $2,18 billion (2016)
Founder: Lim Goh Tong
Brands: Wider Yachts, Grand Bank Yachts, U Boat Worx, Lloyd Werft
Malaysia-based entertainment conglomerate, Genting Group has increased its ownership stake in Italian shipyard, Wider to a 100% through its cruise line arm, Genting Hong Kong, expanding its interests in the yachting space further in May of this year.
Established by Tilli Antonelli, former CEO of Pershing (acquired by Ferretti Group), Wider Yachts was established in 2010 with first a 13-meter model, the Wider 42, whose prime selling point became the extendable platform located amidst ship.
Wider's plans to build larger yachts were however publicly introduced in 2011 when Antonelli announced the Wider 150. A year later the 47-meter was under construction, following a switch from composite to aluminium and other design changes.
According to the Timeline index, the Wider 150 was sold in May 2013 with a last recorded asking price of near €22 million. In 2015, the newly named Genesi was made available for sale once again by the shipyard asking €26,5 million and ultimately sold to a Canadian buyer in December 2016, who renamed her to Bartali.
Genting's involvement with Wider however began back in December 2012 when the conglomerate made an investment in the Italian shipyard via a capital increase that saw it gain a 50% stake in the company. "I decided to back Wider as I was impressed both with its course of development and its ability to establish itself on the international market." commented Genting's chairmain, Tan Sri Lim Kok Thay at the time of the investment.
The Malaysian conglomerate's involvement with Wider Yachts didn't however limit itself to it owning 50% of the company as the Genting Group also bankrolled the ongoing construction of Project Cecilia, the first Wider 165, as well as ordered 4 smaller Wider models from the shipyard, as a regulatory filling from December 2014 shows.
Project Cecilia is currently for sale with a last recorded asking price of €30 million, however should a sale not occur prior to its Q1 2018 delivery, it is likely that the Genting Group will take delivery of the yacht. At the time of the sale of the Wider 150, the shipyard stated that Genesi was originally intended for the current owner of Project Cecilia, which is the Genting Group as fillings show.
The Malaysian group's interests in yachting do not limit themselves to Wider Yachts as Genting Group owned a 24,85% stake in Grand Banks Yachts in December 2014 as well as a 15% stake in luxury submarine manufacturer U-Boat worx. Regulatory fillings in December 2014 valued the group's yachting interest, including its share in Wider, at just under $38 million.
Genting's chairmain, Tan Sri Lim Kok Thay, whose net worth is valued at $4,5 billion by Forbes, became involved in U-Boat worx through an investment he made back in December 2013. "This is an innovative product that offers the unique experience of deep-sea exploration and ocean diving without getting into scuba gear" commented Genting's chairman at the time of the investment.
In 2015, Genting Hong Kong acquired a majority stake in Lloyd Werft, the German shipyard at which it had several cruise ships on order for its Crystal Cruises line, for €17,5 million. Mostly known for cruise ship construction, Lloyd Werft is also the shipyard behind the construction of 114-meter explorer, Luna for Russian oligarch Roman Abramovich now owned by Farkhad Akhmedov.