Four years after the release of Vladimir Putin, Russia is using part of a new-generation missile with unlimited range or radar invisible, described as “invincible”, “hypersonic” in its offensive against Ukraine.
Avangard, the “invincible” missile
Russia’s hypersonic Avangard (“Vanguard” in Russian) missiles are capable of changing trajectory and altitude at extremely high speeds, making them “almost invincible” according to Mr Putin. Earth’s first satellite “, the famous Sputnik.
Successfully tested in December 2018, its speed was 27-27 times faster than the speed of sound – and hit the target at a distance of 6,000 km, according to the Russian Ministry of Defense. They were in service in December 2019.
Kinzel, hypersonic “punch”
Used by the Russian military for the first time on Friday, hypersonic missiles Kinzal (“punch” in Russian) allowed to destroy an underground weapons depot in western Ukraine, according to Moscow.
These types of missiles, highly maneuverable, challenge anti-aircraft defense systems. During the test, they reached all the targets at a distance of 1,000 to 2,000 km. They equip MiG-31 fighter jets.
Experts say their use in Ukraine is the world’s first for hypersonic weapons.
Sarmat, from the North Pole to the South Pole
Fifth-generation Cermat heavy intercontinental ballistic missiles are thought to avoid missile defense.
Weighing more than 200 tons, it is more capable than its predecessor, the Vovoda missile, which has a range of 11,000 km, and Mr Putin says it has “practically no limits”. North Pole and South Pole “.
Berswet, war laser
The technical characteristics of the Persevere war laser systems (named after a 14th-century warrior monk) are secret. The Ministry of Defense has stated that they are ready for war from December 2019.
Poseidon, an underwater drone
Russian military-industrial sources say the Poseidon, an underwater drone designed for Russia’s nuclear defense, can fly at speeds of 60 to 70 knots at depths of more than a kilometer, while being invisible to detection systems. The complication was quoted by the official agency, TASS.
Tests of the Poseidon system will equip the nuclear submarine Belgorod in the spring of 2020, which was launched in 2019, but its operation has been postponed, the DOS agency said. At least until the summer of 2022.
Bourevestnik, storm bird
Once again with a “unlimited range”, yet according to Vladimir Putin, capable of crossing almost all intercept systems, Burevestnik ship missiles (Russian etymology “sea bird of the word” storm “) nuclear propulsion is developed by the Russian military. . Their technical properties are confidential.
Zircon, the “invisible” marine missile
The first official missile of the zircon hypersonic missile (named after a mineral used in jewelry) will be launched from October 2020. It flies on Mac 9 to achieve sea and land targets.
At the end of December 2021, Vladimir Putin announced the first successful test of a zircon salvo. Other experiments have taken place in the Russian Arctic since October 2020, especially from the warship Admiral Korskov and the submarine.
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