San Jose's amazing treasure will soon rise to the surface

San Jose's legendary treasure is making a comeback

It is a treasure of inestimable archaeological value and enormous market value (estimated at several billion dollars). It has been at a depth of 600 meters in the Caribbean Sea for more than 3 centuries. This treasure is the cargo of a legendary Spanish ship: the San Jose. In June 1708, this giant galleon was sunk by the British fleet. In its hold were dozens of tons of gold, silver and precious stones. These riches came from the Spanish colonies in the Americas and were to be transported to the court of King Philip V. The San Jose and its treasure were swallowed by the sea, but in December 2015 Colombian authorities announced the discovery of the wreck. of the legendary ship.

A boat wreck off the coast of Colombia west of Cartagena. The exact location is kept secret. But Colombia has announced that it will start extracting materials with underwater robots next April. To begin with, it would be a matter of raising the objects found around the old ship undamaged. Especially ceramic parts need to be reattached.

What happens to the remaining precious cargo? Colombia wants to keep this treasure on its soil. Spain is seeking protection for the ruins based on a UNESCO convention. Representatives of Bolivia's indigenous people argue that these riches were stolen from their ancestors. After all, an American company claims to have first discovered the ruins in 1982. The court claims half of this treasure, which is estimated to be worth $20 billion. It's crazy how archeological curiosities can be unleashed!

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Read more: An article Science and the future And an essay Picaro

A new species of giant snake has been discovered in the Amazon jungle

The discovery was made by a team of scientists invited by the Worani people to study giant snakes living in the Ecuadorian Amazon region, which the indigenous people consider sacred. After 10 days of canoeing, the researchers discovered these creatures lurking at the bottom of the river. They measured the size of a woman: 6.3 meters in length. These giant snakes are not venomous. They encircle their prey, such as a caiman or deer, crushing its bones and swallowing them whole.

These snakes belong to the giant anaconda genus that has not been scientifically described yet. Genetic analyzes revealed a 5.5% difference in its genome to another species already known, the green anaconda. The common ancestor of these two species dates back 10 million years. The researchers insisted that Worani, who accompanied the expedition, appear as co-authors of a publication announcing this major discovery.

Read more: Published in Research MDPI diversityAn article from Conversation And a press release from University of Queensland

Three more small moons to Uranus and Neptune

Even more powerful telescopes have made it possible to detect these tiny stars around the two most distant gas giants in our solar system. One moon for Uranus (only 8 kilometers wide) and 2 for Neptune (rarely larger: 14 and 23 kilometers in diameter).

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These discoveries bring the number of moons of Uranus to 28 and the number of moons of Neptune to 16. Traditionally, the moon of Uranus derives its name from the works of Shakespeare, a goddess or 'a sea nymph' from the works of Neptune. From Greek mythology. We now have to wait before future studies take their portrait.

For more details: Notification on website Carnegie Institute

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