NASA Spots Unexpected X-Shaped Structures in Earth’s Upper Atmosphere — and Scientists Struggle to Explain Them

A NASA satellite has discovered unexpected X- and C-shaped structures in Earth’s ionosphere, the layer of electrified gas in the planet’s atmosphere that allows radio signals to travel long distances.

the ionosphere It is an electrically charged region of the Earth’s atmosphere that exists due to the radiation emitted from it. the sun The ionosphere hits the atmosphere, and its density increases during the day as its molecules become electrically charged. This is because sunlight causes electrons to be stripped from atoms and molecules, creating plasma that enables radio signals to travel long distances. The ionosphere then becomes less dense at night—and that’s where gold comes in.

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