Airbus Corporate Jet vs Boeing Business Jet
In 2018, new versions of the largest business jets, which were created as modifications to passenger airliners, appeared. In the previous two years, the main workhorses of world civil aviation were updated - the Airbus A320neo and Boeing 737 MAX received a number of improvements. In 2018, the production of their corporate versions began.
The main change is the engines, as indicated by the designation of the new generation of Airbus. Neo stands for new engines option. These are the new generation LEAP-1A units manufactured by CFM International or PW1100G from Pratt & Whitney. Engines provide a reduction in fuel consumption of up to 15%. Contribute to the savings make and developed wingtips. In Boeing, they are even double, which gives the 737 MAX a distinctive appearance. The tips reduce air resistance and, consequently, fuel consumption and are effective for long flights, which is especially important for business jets.
The Airbus Corporate Jet (ACJ) family of the new generation includes the ACJ320neo and ACJ319neo. The first is a little more, designed to carry up to 25 passengers over a distance of 11,100 km. This is about seven times less in passenger capacity and twice as long in range than that of an airliner, on the basis of which a business jet was created. The second is more compact and can fly for 15 hours, covering up to 12,500 km (6,750 nautical miles) with eight passengers on board. To reduce the overload for the body, the “height in the cabin”, as they say in aviation, in ACJneo is reduced to 2000 m.
The first ACJ320neo took off in August, deliveries to customers are scheduled for the end of this year. ACJ319neo will be transferred to customers in 2019.
The Boeing Business Jet based on the 737 MAX includes three versions of the MAX 7, MAX 8 and MAX 9 of different lengths. In total, they ordered at least twenty. BBJ MAX 8 has already made the first flight and must be delivered to the customer before the end of the year. Like the Airbus, the smallest member of the BBJ MAX 7 family has a length of 35.6 meters, which can cover a distance of up to 12,964 km (do not be surprised at this accuracy - this is exactly 7000 nautical miles). Boeing is also proud of the increased cabin air pressure: during normal cruising, it is equivalent to an altitude of 1,700 meters above sea level, i.e., 300 meters lower than that of the Airbus. However, the maximum "height" in the cabin - all the same 2000 m, as its European competitor.
BBJ MAX 8 is longer - 39.5 meters, eight people are accommodated in it with great comfort, because the cabin area is 95.2 square meters. m instead of 82.1 square meters. m in MAX 7. But due to the increase in mass, the range is slightly less than that of the MAX 7, - 12,297 km. The longest - MAX 9 - 42.1 m. The same eight people he can take in a cabin of 104 square meters. m at a distance of 12,066 km.
The first BBJ MAX 8 has already been made and went to Comlux to install the interior. This is a long process that can take up to 10 months, so the customer will receive the aircraft in mid-2019.
The peculiarity of the Boeing 737 is that it is lower than its competitor classmate from Airbus. This has both pros and cons. As on the 737, on the BBJ quite often there are built-in retractable ladders, which speeds up the service at the airport. And on the Airbus A320, the built-in ladders can also be installed, but the airlines do not use them - because of the greater height of the door threshold (the difference is 0.7 m) the ladder will be longer and heavier than on the Boeing. This ultimately increases fuel consumption and reduces the range. But the slightly larger width of the fuselage and its circular cross section provide the Airbus with a more spacious and comfortable trunk.
Airbus also mentions that the ACJ319neo can easily be converted into an airliner, which simplifies its sale and increases the cost in the secondary market.
The main advantage of business jets of this type is the huge size of the cabin, which they got from commercial aircraft. The ACJ is slightly wider and taller than the BBJ, but both will be larger than any other business jet.